Laboratory Animals and Experimental Research in a Sustainable Scientific Development
Laboratory animals are used and the experimental research is run in various scientific fields such as human and animal health, disease control, sustainable environmental health, health industry and product innovation, and biosafety planning. The experimental research includes those studies that are not yet proven to be completely safe or those not possible to be run on humans. Rats, mice and rabbits are commonly used in these studies. Based on the kind of the study, cats, dogs, guinea pigs, hamsters, sheep, cattle, chicken, sparrows, goats, horses, nonhuman primates, invertebrates, fish and fly species can be used. Though labaratory animals provide significant contributions to the humans and development in science, they require protection by humans and require to be protected from unfair use. Ethical boards and rules are formed to accomplish those goals prohibited the use of the laboratory animals in experimental research under unethical conditions and ruled that any research shall use methods that require the least amount of pain and suffering. The boards ruled not only on research methods but also on feeding and management practices to uphold the main principles of animal welfare. It is obvious that these rulings are the already late responsibility of human kind.
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