Nuclear Energy: An Alternative Energy Source For Turkey
Energy consumption is an important parameter to show the development level of a country. Thus the total energy consumption per capita (in 2005) is 1778 (unit is kilograms of oil equivalent (kgoe) per person) for world average, 4720 for developed countries and 975.9 for developing countries. On the other hand it is 1185.9 for Turkey. Although there are many different energy sources for many different countries depending on the geological and geographical conditions, Nuclear energy is one of the most commonly used alternative energy source in especially developed countries. The first large-scale nuclear power plant opened in England, in 1956 and nowadays about 16% of the world's energy needs has been produced from Nuclear power plants where huge amounts of energy from small amounts of fuel can be obtained without any pollution by burning fossil fuels. This rate is about 24% for developed countries. In conventional nuclear power plant the energy is generated using Uranium (235U) fuel. In a typical sample of natural uranium, most of the weight (99.27%) consists of atoms of 238U and about 0.72% of the weight consists of atoms of 235U. This requires enrichment of the 235U in the sample which is expensive and high technology. On the other hand recently new generation nuclear power plant based on the proton accelerator so-called Accelerator Driven System (ADS) has been proposed. Establishing nuclear power plant will lead to be transferred nuclear technology to Turkey and it will be possible to be used it in other fields.
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