ALBANIAN OBSERVATION PHRASEOLOGY WITH THAT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORMED BY METAPHORS
In today’s communication in schools, workplaces and communities has increased significantly being intermingled and involved with English language. Albanian and English languages have many phraseology units. They are formed by the transformation of the syntagm with two or more denominator units (noun, adjective, verb, adverb, etc). This figurative transformation is realized with comparison, hyperbola, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, etc. Both languages use all these means of communication. Our thesis focuses particularly on the formation of phraseology units with metaphors and aims to analyze how they are formed in four steps of transformation using the structure of: a)- free syntagm (phrase), (or free phrase). b)- syntagm (phrase) with comparison (with connectors: as, like ). c)- syntagm (phrase) with metaphor (connector falls). d)- formation of phraseology units. This process is similar in both languages, but there isn’t compliance and equality in their formation. By juxtaposing the phrases units in both languages, we aim at shedding some light on the main similarities and differences which seem to bring the languages closer but also create a gap between them, pointing out the common or universal features as well as the originality and the unique character of each language. If we analyze some phrasal units taken out from the dictionary (Phraseology English- Albanian dictionary by I. Stefanllari 1998) we notice that the units of English language are formed differently from the Albanian ones. This can prove the occurrence of linguistic relativism.
International Burch University