Application of Factor Analysis in the Assessment of Water Quality in Sakarya River (Turkey)
Factor analysis is applied to the dataset on surface water quality of the Sakarya River (Turkey), generated one year monitoring at five monitoring stations for eight parameters. This study presents of factor analysis technique for evaluation of large complex dataset with a view to get better information about the surface water quality and design the monitoring stations for effective management of water sources. Three factors were determined, which were responsible from the 88.886% of total variance of the surface water quality in the Sakarya River (Turkey). The first factor explained 43.639% of the total variance. The second factor explained 27.914% and the third factor 17.332% explained of the variance, respectively. This study showed that, factor analysis help decision makers to judge effectiveness of surface water quality programs.
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