Transportation Practices and Strategies for Sustainable Development
The transportation as a system is an important component of social and economy sustainable development. Sustainable development of transportation requires consideration, not only its own economic results, but also positive and negative effects of transportation. On one hand, the transportation has promoted the economic development and the progress of the society while on the other hand it has also brought a lot of negative effects. The existing problems in the respects of resources consuming (the land, energy), air pollution, noise, traffic jam, traffic accident, etc. are the key to realize the sustainable development of the transportation. In order to effectively reduce the adverse impact of existing transportation systems new development patterns must be adopted. Overall, the concept of transportation sustainability should be defined through three major factors: social equity, economic efficiency and environmental responsibility. Strategies for transportation sustainability include demand management, operation management, improvements of vehicle technology, pricing policy and integrated land use and transportation planning. This paper deals with importance of transportation for sustainable development and presents some sustainable transportation practices and strategies in the United States and Europe.
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