The Effects of Mycorrhizae Applications on Grapevine cv. Kalecik Karasi (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grafted onto Kober 5BB Rootstock
Vascular Arbuscular mychorrhizae (AM) are symbiotic microorganisms as a renewable resource and a modern technology-based viticulture practices have been contributing to quality fruit production by supporting vineyard mineral nutrition, water uptake, and increase resistance against plant biotic and abiotic stress. Since wine grapes production is under developing industry in Turkey and has been grown mainly in rural area, and poor soils that is need to support by low cost renewable manner.In this study, the effects of different dosage mixture AM fungi as Biovam applications by dry formulation and Endo Roots by liquid formulation applications in vineyard soil just under plant foliage at 10 years old grapewine cv. Kalecik Karası (Vitis vinifera L.) grafted onto Kober 5BB rootstock at two weeks before full bloom in producer vineyard applications. Biovam and Endo Roots effects were evaluated in labs Selcuk University Faculty of Agriculture as fruit set, yield, and fruit quality, and pruning waste weights. As a first growing season results there were significantly differences on fruit set, fruit yield, cluster weights, cluster size, fruit colors due to AM formulations and dosages. On the other hand there were no differences between berry size, berry weights, seed numbers in 100 berries, ⁰Brix, and total acidity of must, shoot length, pruning waste weights between Endo Roots and Biovam applications. Biovam application was hastened five days of harvest in same vegetation period.
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