Parasitic Diseases And Their Controls In Sustainable Development Of Aquculture Of Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus Thynnus)
In the last decades Turkish and Mediterranean mariculture has focused its production mainly on two species, gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.).However, due to its high commercial value bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) has been considered as an alternative aquaculture target. The culture of bluefin tuna has started by private sector in 2001 in Turkey. The catched fishes are fed by frozen herring, sardina, mackerel between May and June and after fattened, they are sold. Total feeding time in Turkey 4 to 10 months like other countries which are culturing bluefin tuna. As an developing sector in Turkey and in the world, blue fin tuna farming require to further studies on larvae production, feed investigations and diseases occur on the fish. According to studies conducted to date, 28 species were found in Pylums Ciliphora, Myxozoa, Platyhelmintes, Aschelmintes and Arthropoda. The present work aim to reveal diseases of bluefish tuna caused by parasites, how they are transmitted, which effects they have on tuna fish, how they could be diagnosed, and how they could be controlled and treated. Keywords: Bluefin tuna, disease, parasite, diagnosis, treatment.
Conference or Workshop Item