Grammatical orientation: fundamental language differences on learnability

Toyota, Junichi (2011) Grammatical orientation: fundamental language differences on learnability. In: 1st International Conference on Foreign Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (FLTAL’11), 5-7 May 2011, Sarajevo.

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The world languages can be roughly divided into three types based on grammatical orientation, e.g. reality-oriented type (e.g. Russian, Chinese); speaker-oriented (e.g. Japanese, Serbian); hearer-oriented (e.g. English, Swedish). Differences borne out of grammatical orientations are hardly ever taken into consideration in making teaching materials. Each type has its peculiarities in grammatical system (e.g. reality-oriented languages have a description of situation as a basic unit, while speakeroriented languages consider speaker‘s experience as a base). Such differences can create fundamental differences in the language use in learners‘ L2, and this influence cannot be underestimated. In this paper, it is aimed to raise awareness of such differences and point out that crosslinguistic comparison can offer numerous points for improving L2 learning.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grammatical orientation, cognition, semiotic difference, learnability
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Depositing User: Users 4 not found.
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2012 12:15
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2012 08:23

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