Management of Urban Water Sources and Use and Sustainability of Wastewater

Kalyoncu, İsmail Hakkı and Kalyoncu, Hasan (2010) Management of Urban Water Sources and Use and Sustainability of Wastewater. In: 2nd International Symposium on Sustainable Development, June 8-9 2010, Sarajevo.


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The usage of fresh water supplies on the surface of globe is serviced for human in two forms to be ground and surface water. 75%, 15% and 10% of that water has been used for agriculture, industry and living, respectively. Geographical structure and climate conditions of region have determined the usage of water. While some regions having so much rain and surface water, some regions have not got enough groundwater because of the distinctive properties of those regions. The service of groundwater for usage is more expensive and risky. The unplanned activities in the closed basins can also increase the risks on the usage of groundwater sources. Beside the importance of water services for cities, the case of the wastewater is also so important. The wastewater of the cities located in closed basin also creates some environmental problems as well as some bigger economical problems. The increase in the amount of waste water has been an important problem as population increases nowadays. Sustainable projects on the economical and lack of these sources of groundwater have stamina importance. It can be suggested that the waterworks of city must be reconstructed in two waterworks one of which is to deliver water for drink and another one must deliver water for use. At this stage, the wastewater must be refined and distilled for reuse for some other resound such as especially water agriculture, etc. The distilled water must also be delivered into fields through suitable pipes for agricultural usage. Therefore, the economical, planned and sustainable water usage will be provided.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urban water sources, wastewater, sustainability
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Mr. Ibrahim Kinal
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2012 17:11
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2012 15:09

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