Impact of Agricultural Policies on Rural Development and Increase of Competitiveness of Agriculture of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a Special Emphasis on Achievement of Reform Goals (doi: 10.14706/icesos1722)

KAVAZ HUKIĆ, Sanja (2017) Impact of Agricultural Policies on Rural Development and Increase of Competitiveness of Agriculture of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a Special Emphasis on Achievement of Reform Goals (doi: 10.14706/icesos1722). In: International Conference on Economic and Social Studies, May, 18-19, Sarajevo.

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Abstract

Abstarct: For the Balkan countries, the agricultural sector and rural development are of great importance, primarily because they are ensuring food security of the population, and then, also, because they have effects on employment, the creation of total gross value as well as on the foreign trade. Having in mind open processes of joining the European Union in these countries, with a special focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina, the implementation of the EU policies and practices will represent both a challenge and an opportunity for the development of the state and the improvement of its position in the single European market. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country with a distinct rural character, with over 50% of the rural population, where every third household acquires some kind of income from agriculture, and which is currently facing a number of problems when rural development is concerned (from insufficient investments, uncompetitive production, inefficient administration, abandonment of rural areas, failure to use EU funds, etc.). Nevertheless, with adequate policies and dynamic approach to the agricultural sector, and strategy for increasing competitiveness and attracting investment, the potential of Bosnia and Herzegovina's agriculture could be used and exploited, and the country could go towards progress and success. Therefore, this paper explores and analyzes the European Union's common policies, as well as the ways and means of their implementation in the Balkan region countries, especially in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Then, the paper points the importance and necessity of investing in rural development (infrastructure, mechanization, marketing, agro-environmental measures, etc.), and provides guidelines on how to modernize and reconstruct the agricultural sector, in order to increase the country's competitiveness and reduce the long-standing trade deficit in this area, and, at last, how to effectively approach to the European Union with harmonization of legislation and the use of development plan. The agricultural sector and the overall modernization of rural communities, with a clear vision, and with increasing employment, economic growth and competitiveness, can become the cornerstone of the development of Bosnia and Herzegovina and a key factor of its inclusion in the European and the world trends. Keywords: EU common agricultural policy, agriculture, rural development, competitiveness. JEL Classification: Q17, Q18, O13, 018

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: International Conference on Economic and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs. Emina Mekic
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 10:10
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2017 10:10
URI: http://eprints.ibu.edu.ba/id/eprint/3659

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