The French Revolution and Rousseauism - Review of the Impact of Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Teaching to the Political Activities of French Revolutionaries (1789-1795) Francuska revolucija i Rusoizam – osvrt na uticaj učenja Žan Žak Rusoa na političko djelovanje francuskih revolucionara (1789-1795)

HUSEINSPAHIĆ, Emina (2014) The French Revolution and Rousseauism - Review of the Impact of Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Teaching to the Political Activities of French Revolutionaries (1789-1795) Francuska revolucija i Rusoizam – osvrt na uticaj učenja Žan Žak Rusoa na političko djelovanje francuskih revolucionara (1789-1795). Časopis - Društveni Ogledi, 1 (1). ISSN 2303-5706

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Abstract

The French Revolution was preceded by a long intellectual and ideological preparation that was significantly marked by works of Jean Jacques Rousseau, especially by his Social contract. Hence, the Rousseau is one of many french thinkers whose teachings influenced this epochal event and inspired french revolutionaries during the whole revolutionary period. It is considered that Rousseau announced the French revolution and was its guide. From Burke to Quinet and Taine, many in the French revolution recognized precisely his dominant influence. And they were right, especially if we take into consideration the widely accepted Francois Furet's opinion on how exactly the Revolution proclaimed itself the heir of Rousseau and that Rousseau's principle according to which no one can rule unless authorized by the people, gathered without differences, all the revolutionary currents. Taking into account his undoubted contribution and the fact that his political theory in general, and especially his concept of indivisible and inalienable popular sovereignty, despite certain internal contradictions, is the culmination and ultimate logical consequence of the pre-revolutionary bourgeois political thought, the author's intention in this work is to show how Rousseauism influenced the French revolution and the political activities of the revolutionary leaders. Sažetak: Francuskoj revoluciji prethodila je duža intelektualna i ideološka priprema koju su u značajnoj mjeri obilježila djela Žan Žak Rusoa, posebice njegov Drušveni ugovor. Otuda je Ruso jedan od brojnih francuskih mislilaca čija su učenja uticala na ovaj epohalni događaj i koja su nadahnjivala francuske revolucionare u toku čitavog revolucionarnog perioda. Često se smatralo da je upravo Ruso najavio Francusku revoluciju i poslužio joj kao vodič. Od Berka, preko Kinea, pa do Tena, mnogi su u Francuskoj revoluciji prepoznali upravo njegov pretežan uticaj. I bili su u pravu, posebice ako se ima u vidu i široko prihvaćeno mišljenje Fransoa Firea o tome kako se upravo Revolucija proglasila Rusoovim baštinikom, te kako je Rusoov princip sukladno kojemu niko ne može da vlada ukoliko nije ovlašten od strane naroda, okupljao, bez razlike, sve revolucionarne struje. Uzimajući u obzir Rusoov nesumnjiv doprinos kao i činjenicu da je njegova politička teorija u cjelini, a posebice njegova koncepcija nedjeljive i neotuđive narodne suverenosti, uprkos pojedinim unutrašnjim suprotnostima, vrhunac i krajnja konsekvencija predrevolucionarne građanske političke misli, namjera je autorice da u radu prikaže uticaj rusoizma na Francusku revoluciju i na političko djelovanje revolucionarnih vođa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Francuska revolucija, rusoizam, opća volja, narodna suverenost
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Časopis - Društveni Ogledi
Depositing User: Mr. Mensur Zoletić
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2014 08:46
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2014 08:46
URI: http://eprints.ibu.edu.ba/id/eprint/2369

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