Analysis of Turkey’s Sustainable Development Performance at Last Decade by Applying Green Economy Indicators

Yusuf , Akan (2012) Analysis of Turkey’s Sustainable Development Performance at Last Decade by Applying Green Economy Indicators. In: 3rd International Symposium on Sustainable Development, May 31 - June 01 2012, Sarajevo.

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In recent years, sustainable development has become a worldwide discourse, driven by international treaties global environmental organizations and bodies such as European Union, OECD. Sustainable development is a concept to be analyzed aspects of economic, social, environmental and institutional. With the advents of sustainable development, green economic development has become one of the most important economic issues. Countries which target economic, social and institutional development should not neglect environmental development. Development of green economy is the best way of slowing the negative ecological and environmental impact. Developing countries neglect the protection of the natural environment in the process of rapid industrialization. As a result of this situation, natural resources rapidly run out and environmental quality begins to deteriorate. These negative results return a significant cost to society. In this study, Turkey economy which has averagely 5.5% economic growth in the last 10 years will be analyzed in terms of green economy indicators. Turkey is a highly suitable ecological condition for crop production, animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry activities because of its geographical position. The basic components of ecological conditions are climate, highly variable the shape of the earth, water, can be made large agricultural land, forest and meadow and pasture, as well as Turkey has also other natural resources. It is known as source of metals and solar and winds are ones of the most energy resources for Turkey. Turkey which one of the fastest growing economies in recent years can be analyzed in terms of some data how efficient uses natural resources. In this study, Turkey economy will be analyzed in terms of ecological footprint index and which sources energy produced. In 2007, ecological footprint index is 2.7 global hectares and in 2002 it was 2.0. Turkey has increasing ecological deficit day by day. Ecological deficit is 1.4 global hectares in 2007. In 2000-2010, energy use per capita has increased parallel to economic growth. According to energy data, Turkey foreign energy dependency has increased in last decade. In addition, share of renewable sources in total electricity production hasn’t changed significantly. The foregoing findings indicate that Turkey currently belongs to an economic development pattern based on high resource consumption. The economic development is mainly established on the exploitation and utilization of nonrenewable resources. Therefore, Turkey should change the development pattern, regulate the industrial structure, promote the utilization rate of resources, develop green pollution-free products, and enhance the sustainable development of ecological economic system.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Economics > Management Department
Depositing User: Users 173 not found.
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2012 14:40
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2012 14:40

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