New Approaches To Marine Aquarium Systems

Mustafa , Alparslan (2012) New Approaches To Marine Aquarium Systems. In: 3rd International Symposium on Sustainable Development, May 31 - June 01 2012, Sarajevo.

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Abstract

Marine aquarium systems are limited environments that include many marine plants and animals. This habitat also has very interesting marine species, living rocks, wrecks and the other objects. The chemical indicators of water quality such as salinity, specific gravity, Ph, ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, Phosphate, Alkalinity, Copper, Calcium, and Magnesium are vital for the marine organisms. Further, the essential components are an aquarium made from acrylic, special heating systems , the consideration of overall lighting, metal halide, higher output fluorescent, standard fluorescent, incandescent, natural sunlight, filtration and live rocks. Marine aquarium systems can range in volume from less than 80 liters (approximately 20 US gallons) to over 1.300 liters (400 gallons). The biggest marine aquariums in the world are; Georgia Aquarium (6.3 million gallons), Okinowa churaumi Aquarium (1.98 million gallons), L‘oceanografic (1.85 million gallons), Turkuazzo (1.32 million gallons), Monterey Bay Aquarium (1.2 million gallons), uShaka Marine World (1 million gallons), Shaghai Ocean Aquarium (approxiamately 1 million gallons), and Shanghai Ocean Aquarium (approx. 1 million gallons), and Aquarium of Genova (approx. 1 million gallons). Turkuazoo Marine Aquarium which is the first biggest aquarium of Turkey was opened in 2009 in İstanbul. It is located in Bayrampasa region. This marine aquarium is one of Europe‘s largest aquariums and includes many shopping malls as well. Marinescope Sea Tube is 90 meters in length and this makes it one of the World‗s longest underwater tunnels, offering visitors an outstanding marine life. The water in the Turkuazoo comes from the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea and the Aegean Seas. Istanbul Marine Aquarium, located around Florya region, was opened on 25th.June, 2011 in Istanbul. This marine aquarium has a capacity of 6.8 million liters of seawater, and includes a variety of living organisms from East Atlantic, West Atlantic, Middle Atlantic, Panama Channel, Pacific Ocean, the Red Sea, the Mediterranean, the Aegean Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Bosporus, the Dardanelles and also from one rain forest. Beyond these, the main aim is to set up marine aquariums to be able to explore the underwater life. In addition, protecting marine organisms such as sea plants and sea animals is our priority which will also reinforce tourism activities, education and economy. Finally, marine aquarium systems can also be used as a therapeutical tool for the patients with psychological disorders as this aquatic world creates a very positive and relaxing mood.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies > Genetic and Bioengineering Department
Depositing User: Users 173 not found.
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2012 10:33
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2012 10:33
URI: http://eprints.ibu.edu.ba/id/eprint/1251

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