LEGACY of TURGUT ÖZAL and THE SUSTAİNABLE TRANSFORMATİON of TURKEY with AK PARTY GOVERNMENTS

Erdoğan, Selami (2012) LEGACY of TURGUT ÖZAL and THE SUSTAİNABLE TRANSFORMATİON of TURKEY with AK PARTY GOVERNMENTS. In: 3rd International Symposium on Sustainable Development, May 31 - June 01 2012, Sarajevo.

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Abstract

Turgut Özal is one of the most important actors in the Turkish Political life. He made fundamental changes in Turkey between 1983-1993 as a Prime Minister or President of Turkish Republic. He not only tried to liberate Turkish economy but also political sphere. Özal, especially focused on freedom of speech, freedom of belief and freedom of enterprise. At the same time, the latest refers to the free market economy. Until Özal's period Turkish political leaders applied the model of mixed economy, not free market economy, that is, the structure of Turkish economy wasn't entegrate with global markets. İnitially, Özal changed it and he started to set up export-oriented economic model, free interest rates, privatization, etc... and then, made political reforms; like freedom of speaking the Kurdish language, dissolution of 141, 142 and 163. articles of Turkish Ciriminal Code, application for full membership to the European Union. Unfortunately, his succesors could not able to sustain his revolutionary political and economic vision. İn this respect, 1990s can be considered as lost years for the Turkey. Until AK Parti governments Turkey encountered deep economic and political crises such as April 1994 and 28 February 1997. After from this miserable period, with the AK Parti government Turkey returned to the Özal's reformist politics both politically and economically. According to the arguments which are mentioned below, Özal's transformation efforts will be examined from today's view. Besides, what are the main characteristics of Özal and the AK Parti leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, can we say continuity or divergence between them. İn Today's Turkey, what is the importance of Turgut Özal, can we say that, Özal's ideas particularly in economic field-is being applied by the AK Parti government. Keywords: Özal, AK Parti, Free Market Economy, Economic Crises, Political Reforms, Turkish Economy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Economics > Management Department
Depositing User: Users 173 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2012 13:02
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2012 13:02
URI: http://eprints.ibu.edu.ba/id/eprint/1158

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